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About Kuzbass


karta-russia  Lying in the southeast of Western Siberia, the Kemerovo Region is almost equidistant from the western and eastern borders of the Russian Federation. The region is located at a latitude between 52°08' and 56°54' North and a longitude between 84°33' and 89°28' East, in the fifth time zone. It is 3,482 km away from, and 4 hours ahead of, Moscow. Occupying an area of 95,700 sq. km, which accounts for 4% of Western Siberia and 0.56% of the Russian Federation, the Kemerovo Region is the 10th largest territory in the Siberian Federal District (SFD). It borders the Republic of Altai in the south, Altai Krai in the southwest, the Novosibirsk Region in the west, the Tomsk Region in the north, Krasnoyarsk Krai in the northeast and the Republic of Khakassia in the east. Kuzbass stretches for almost 500 km from north to south and 300 km from west to east. The Kemerovo Region is located mainly in the Kuznetsk Depression between the Salair Ridge (567 m) and the Kuznetsk Alatau (2178 m). The main river is the Tom. The climate is continental with average temperatures between -18 and -22°C in January and between 17 and 22°C in July. Annual precipitation amounts to 300-500 mm. The soils are podzolic. Kuzbass has the largest deposits of coal in Russia, accounting for a quarter of all energy resources of the country. The south of the region is famous for its unique tourist and recreational resort, Gornaya (Mountainous) Shoria.

Administrative and territorial divisions

karta-kuzbass  In 1943, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR by its Edict No. 5 of 26.01.43 separated Kuzbass from the Novosibirsk Region and established the Kemerovo Region there. In 2013, the region celebrated its 70th anniversary. As on 01.01.2014, the region had a population of 2,734,100 people, accounting for 14.2% of the Siberian Federal District and 1.9% of the Russian Federation, where it is the 2nd largest and 14th largest region, respectively. Kuzbass has the highest population density of 28.6 people per 1 sq. km in the Siberian Federal District and east of the Urals. Some 85.4% of the population is concentrated in urban areas. Administratively, the Kemerovo Region is divided into 220 municipalities, including 16 urban districts and 18 municipal districts. Kemerovo, with a population of 544,010 people, is its administrative centre. Altogether, there are 5 cities in the region with a population of over 100,000 people, namely Kemerovo, Novokuznetsk, Prokopyevsk, Belovo and Leninsk-Kuz netskiy. By the number of large cities the Kemerovo Region is second only to the Moscow Region. Kuzbass is also the most urbanised region in the Siberian Federal District.

The Kemerovo Region’s location and natural resources offer a number of economic advantages, namely:

  • the federal railway and motor roads running across the north and a dense transport network covering the developed parts of the region;
  • proximity to the regions with a highly developed industrial sector (Krasnoyarsk Krai), agriculture (Altai Krai) and a significant scientific potential (Tomsk, Novosibirsk);
  • opportunities for developing a diversified economy thanks to abundant natural resources and favourable climatic conditions;
  • a well-developed territorial-industrial complex with strong horizontal links between enterprises in the key sectors;
  • and economic specialisation ensuring strong positions in the interregional and international division of labour.

Passport of the Kemerovo region